Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. Therefore he who resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment. For rulers are not a terror to good conduct, but to bad. Would you have no fear of him who is in authority? Then do what is good, and you will receive his approval, for he is God’s servant for your good. Romans 13: 1–4In other words, don’t mess with the social order. The social classes are ordered according to God’s intent. To cite the injustices of the social order, let alone to incite revolution to change that order, is to challenge God. But let’s be fair. Do the proponents of Intelligent Design actually propose that human social behavior, and hence social organization, originates in the Design itself, whether or not implemented through the divine technology of DNA? It seems fair to say that they court the prospect. One of the paradoxes of animal social behavior is altruism. The tooth-and-claw version of Darwinism doesn’t predict self-sacrificing behaviors among evolving creatures. As a result, altruism has been the subject of much head scratching among sociobiologists. Nonetheless, models have been proposed to account for it in evolutionary terms. But the intelligent design proponents have a different view. William Dembski, a prominent advocate of intelligent design, argues in “Reflections on Human Origins,” an article posted at http://www.iscid.org/papers/Dembski_HumanOrigins_062204.pdf that altruism is explainable only as a consequence of divine influence. He makes the same case for savant intellectual skills. Presumably, then, smart people are specially touched by God, too. Mr. Benito Mussolini, any thoughts on the invisible hand behind the social order?
The Fascist State, the highest and the most powerful form of personality is a force, but a spiritual one. It reassumes all the form of the moral and intellectual life of man. It cannot, therefore, be limited to a simple function of order and of safeguarding as was contended by Liberalism. It is not a simple mechanism which limits the sphere of the presumed individual liberties. It is an internal form and rule, a discipline of the entire person: it penetrates the will as well as the intelligence. Its principle, a central inspiration of the living human personality in the civil community, descends into the depths and settles in the heart of the man of action as well as the thinker, of the artist as well as of the scientist; the soul of our soul. Contribution by Mussolini to the Enciclopedia Italiana, Vol. XIVIt would seem that the Fascist State enjoys the same unassailable status and serves the same function in the social life of humankind as does the Intelligent Designer. As sympathetic as I am to the idea that nature is somebody’s science project, I can’t stomach the Intelligent Design argument in its current incarnation. It is too transparently a Creationist ruse and therefore a potentially slippery slope to the doctrine of scriptural inerrancy, an indefensible position. Science has made its mistakes, being administered after all by fallible human beings, but one thing that seems not to be in dispute is the multi-billion-year time span of biology, as determined by radioactive dating of fossils. The show did not come together in six days. Not only that, but species have appeared in succession. The first fish appeared long after the first worms, and the first mammals after the first reptiles. And the primates came after the rodents, with human beings being the most recent of the primates. Paleontology’s empirical data are clear on this sequence, even if the mechanisms of transition and novelty rest on less solid theoretical ground. Why should we care if an ideology that declares the divine right of kings—and presidents—is gaining ground? Ask George Washington and George Orwell.